Passage Key Air-to-Ground Gunnery Range

Picayune Strand Pump Station


The Corps conducted a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study on portions of the former Passage Key Air-to-Ground Gunnery Range designed to identify target locations and to determine if anything remains in the area from the military's training, and if so, in what amounts and locations. The crews found expended ammunition and pieces from munitions; these types of items are referred to as munitions debris, and they do not pose an explosive hazard. The teams also identified munitions in the water which included two bomb fuzes, a rocket and a 37 millimeter projectile. No munitions were found on land.

During World War II, air crews assigned to the Sarasota Army Airfield used Passage Key for a strafing and skip bombing range. There were two banks of targets facing north and south about 500 feet apart, and each bank had six targets. Crews trained with machine guns and practice, and, possibly, live bombs. The targets are now completely under water.

The Passage Key Air-to-Ground Gunnery Range Formerly Used Defense Site in Manatee County comprises 13,147 acres, most of which is the water around Passage Key in Tampa Bay. The US Fish and Wildlife Service owns the island and manages it as the Passage Key National Wildlife Refuge. It is not open to the public.

RECOGNIZE - The object you found could be dangerous.
RETREAT - Leave the area without touching or moving the object.
REPORT - Call 911 immediately.

Project Documents

Community Relations Plan

Community Relations Plan - July 2020
Community Relations Plan - May 2024


Technical Project Planning Memo - April 2007
MMRP Proposed Plan Notification Letter - October 2018

Fact Sheets

Safety Poster - May 2022
Public Awareness Fact Sheet - May 2022
Decision Document Fact Sheet - December 2019
Public Awareness Fact Sheet - September 2023
Safety Poster - September 2023


Proposed Plan Public Meeting Presentation - November 29 2018
Proposed Plan Public Meeting Transcript - November 29 2018

Public Notices

Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study Public Notice
Decision Documents Public Notice
Proposed Plan Public Meeting and Comment Period Public Notice - November 2018
Remedial Investigation Feasibility Study Five-Year Review Public Notice - December 2023
Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study Five-Year Review Public Notice Tear Sheet - Anna Maria Island Sun - December 6 2023
MRSPP Public Notice - December 2023
MRSPP Public Notice Tear Sheet - Anna Maria Island Sun - December 6 2023


Decision Document - Remaining Waters MRS - September 2019
Decision Document - Air-to-Ground Gunnery Range MRS - September 2019
Proposed Plan - November 2018
Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study - July 2018
Quality Assurance Project Plan - November 2015
Site Inspection Report - March 2008
Site-Specific Work Plan Addendum - July 2007
Archives Search Report - August 2002
Revised Inventory Project Report - August 2000
Inventory Project Report - December 1993