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Culebra

Between 1901 and 1975, the U.S. military used Culebra and adjacent islands and cays. Initially, it was used as a coaling station and a radio transmitter facility. Eventually the U.S. Navy established areas for naval gun firing and aerial bombing. The U.S. Marines held advanced base defense exercises on the island that included land maneuvers, artillery and small arms firing, and amphibious training. The military stopped firing on Culebra in 1975, but munitions may still on the island and in the water.

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers manages the Defense Environmental Restoration Program for Formerly Used Defense Sites (FUDS) on behalf of the Department of Defense. All of the island of Culebra, Culebrita, Cayo Luis Peña, Cayo Norte, other nearby cays and the surrounding waters are within the Formerly Used Defense Site. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers divided the site into 15 project areas. One of those is an area where metallic debris may have been discarded. In the other 14 areas, known as Munitions Response Sites (MRS), the Corps is concerned that there may be military munitions present.

 The entire Northwest Peninsula of Culebra was used for naval shore and aerial bombardment. The land, including Flamenco Beach, was transferred by deed to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, which is responsible for restoration, including removing munitions. In response to a congressional request, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers studied the part of the Northwest Peninsula the Commonwealth owns to determine the type and amount of munitions remaining. The Secretary of the Army received authorization from Congress to remove unexploded ordnance certain public use areas within the Northwest Peninsula under Section 317 of Public Law 113-291 in December 2014. These areas include portions of Carlos Rosario Beach, Flamenco Beach, Tamarindo Beach, the Flamenco campground, and Carlos Rosario Trail. The remaining acreage not covered by these areas remains the responsibility of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico to restrict access and/or provide remediation. 

In May 2016, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers received authorization to conduct a Time Critical Removal Action at the Congressionally Authorized Areas within the Northwest Peninsula. The contract for the Time Critical Removal Action was awarded in June 2016. The Time Critical Removal Action must be initiated within six months (November 2016) of the approval of the Action Memorandum. The Time Critical Removal Action fieldwork is scheduled to be completed in Fiscal Year 2017 with a final report in Fiscal Year 2018. 

In addition, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers received authorization to conduct Time Critical Removal Actions at Cayo del Agua and Cayo Botella in June 2016. The Time Critical Removal Actions fieldwork is scheduled to be completed in Fiscal Year 2017 with a final report in Fiscal Year 2018. 

Acronyms: TCRA (Time Critical Removal Action); RI/FS (Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study); MRS (Munitions Response Site); AR (Administrative Record)

Work Schedule

Actualización sobre trabajo de campo:
A medida que la comunidad de Culebra se recupera de la devastación causada por los huracanes Irma y María, las brigadas de trabajo han regresado a continuar con los trabajos en las Áreas Autorizadas por el Congreso de Estados Unidos en la Península del Noroeste (porciones de la playa Carlos Rosario, vereda Carlos Rosario, playa Tamarindo y área de acampar). La removilización fue coordinada con el alcalde de Culebra y la Autoridad para la Conservación y Desarrollo de Culebra. Las brigadas minimizaran los impactos a la comunidad mientras trabajan de manera diligente para completar este trabajo.

Debido a que su seguridad es nuestra prioridad principal, las brigadas establecerán una zona de seguridad alrededor de las áreas que estén trabajando. Estas zonas se extenderán hasta el agua. Por lo tanto, exhortamos al público a mantenerse fuera de las mismas mientras los trabajos estén en curso. El estacionamiento de Playa Flamenco, los quioscos y el área de acampar estarán cerrados por varias semanas, pero habrá acceso a la playa por medio de una vereda que colinda con el complejo Culebra Beach Villas. La vereda Carlos Rosario permanecerá cerrada.

Fieldwork Update:
As the community of Culebra recovers from the devastation of hurricanes Irma and Maria, crews have returned to work the Congressionally Authorized Areas of the Northwest Peninsula (portions of Carlos Rosario Beach, Carlos Rosario Trail, Flamenco Beach, Tamarindo Beach, and the campground). Remobilization was coordinated with Culebra’s mayor and the Authority for the Conservation and Development of Culebra. Teams will minimize impacts to the community while working expeditiously to complete this work.

Crews are enforcing a safety zone around the areas where they are working, including those that extend into the water. Your safety is our primary concern, and we ask you to stay away from these areas when you see the teams working. The Flamenco Beach parking lot, kiosks, and campground will be closed for several weeks, but access to Flamenco Beach is available via a trail next to Culebra Beach Villas. The Carlos Rosario Trail remains closed.

Contact Information

Toll-Free 1-866-279-4880

Community Meeting Nov. 3

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is continuing the environmental investigations and restoration activities in Culebra. 

Thank you to everyone who attended our community meeting on Nov. 3, 2016, at the Multipurpose Center in Culebra.

Click to read the notice in English and Spanish.